Lower Back Pain: Symptoms, Causes, And Possible Treatments
Updated: Nov 8
Lower back pain is a prevalent musculoskeletal condition that affects millions of people worldwide. In Singapore, it is estimated that around 80% of adults suffer from this condition at some point of time in their lives
Living with chronic lower back pain can be frustrating and challenging, affecting your daily activities. However, there are ways to manage it effectively, and it all starts with understanding the condition. By educating yourself on lower back pain and its causes, you can take control of your health and improve your quality of life.
In this article, we will delve into the causes and risk factors of lower back pain, as well as explore some effective ways to manage and prevent it. With the right knowledge and approach, you can overcome this condition and get back to doing the things you love.
What Is Lower Back Pain?
Lower back pain is characterized by discomfort and pain that is felt in the lower back, which is located below the rib cage and above the buttocks. This type of pain specifically affects the lumbar region of the spine, which includes the bones, muscles, joints, tendons, and ligaments in that area. The pain can range from a dull, achy sensation to a sharp, stabbing pain that can be either sudden or develop gradually over a period of weeks or months.
The severity of lower back pain can vary, with some people experiencing mild discomfort that does not affect their daily activities, while others may have severe pain that limits their ability to move or perform regular tasks. In some cases, lower back pain can impact a person's quality of life by causing them to miss work or social activities. It is essential to identify the underlying causes of lower back pain to manage and prevent it effectively.
Symptoms Of Lower Back Pain
Lower back pain can manifest itself in many ways. The severity and duration of pain can vary from person to person. Some common symptoms that occur in the majority of the population include:
Dull or sharp pain: The pain can range from mild to severe and can be localized or radiated down to the legs, depending on the underlying cause.
Stiffness: The affected area may feel stiff or sore, making it difficult to move.
Limited mobility: The pain can make it challenging to perform daily activities, and it can worsen with certain postures or movements.
Muscle spasms: Burning or twitching of the muscles can occur, causing further pain and discomfort.
Numbness or tingling: Numbness or a pins and needles sensation in the lower back, hips, or legs is another common symptom. This occurs because of nerve compression or damage and is a sign of a severe underlying condition.
Weakness: Constant fatigue or weakness in the lower back or legs makes it difficult to perform certain activities.
In case your symptoms of lower back pain persist and affect your daily life, it is crucial to seek medical attention to identify the underlying cause of the pain and devise an appropriate treatment plan.
Causes Of Lower Back Pain
The muscles in the lower back are commonly used in daily activities, making them more prone to injury. Several factors can significantly increase the risk of developing lower back pain, including:
Muscle strain: Straining or spraining the back muscles due to lifting heavy objects, sudden movements, or overuse of the muscles.
Herniated disc: Soft tissue inside the spinal disc protrudes through a tear in the outer layer, increasing the pressure on the nerves in the lower back.
Arthritis: Degeneration of the joints in the lower back leads to stiffness and joint pain.
Sciatica: Compression or irritation of the sciatica nerve causes pain and tingling in the lower back and legs.
Spinal stenosis: Narrowing of spaces within the spine puts pressure on the lower back.
Scoliosis: Curvature of the spine to the side generates uneven pressure on the muscles and joints in the lower back, causing pain.
Medical conditions: Kidney infections or endometriosis can cause lower back pain.
Poor posture: Poor posture or prolonged sitting in the same position can put extra pressure on the muscles and joints in the lower back, leading to discomfort.
Diagnosis And Possible Treatment Methods
When it comes to managing lower back pain, the diagnosis involves a physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests like X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs. Once the underlying cause is identified, treatment options can be suggested.
Treatment options for lower back pain can range from conservative measures such as rest, ice, and heat therapy to more invasive treatments such as medication or surgery. However, physiotherapy is a non-invasive and highly effective approach to managing this condition.
Role Of Physiotherapy In Lower Back Pain
Physiotherapy can help reduce pain and stiffness in the lower back through exercises that strengthen the core muscles and stretch the tight leg or back muscles. Additionally, it can help improve posture and reduce the risk of future injuries. Massage and manual therapy such as mobilisation or manipulation of spinal joints may also be useful in alleviating pain and discomfort in the lower back. It is essential to work with a qualified healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for your specific condition.
Get Effective Treatment for Lower Back Pain at The Physio Studio
If you're looking for physiotherapy for lower back pain, The Physio Studio can help. Our team of qualified therapists will work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan that meets your specific needs.
At The Physio Studio, we offer various services to treat lower back pain effectively. We use the latest physiotherapy equipment to ensure that you receive the best possible treatment for your condition. Our goal is to help you reduce pain and improve your mobility so that you can get back to your daily activities without discomfort.
Whether you're dealing with a herniated disc, arthritis, or sciatica, our experienced therapists can help. We will perform a comprehensive physical exam, review your medical history, and use diagnostic tests as needed to identify the root cause of your pain.
Don't let lower back pain dictate your daily activities. Book an appointment with us today and experience an effective back pain treatment Singapore at The Physio Studio.