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  • Writer's pictureThe Physio Studio Sg

6 Common Causes and Treatments for Neck Pain

Updated: Nov 9, 2023


6 Common Causes and Treatments for Neck Pain
6 Common Causes and Treatments for Neck Pain

Neck pain is a health problem that affects a significant portion of the population. The prevalence of neck pain is increasing globally due to the widespread use of technology and a shift towards more sedentary lifestyles. In fast-paced environments like Singapore, where work-related stress and long working hours are common, neck pain has become a growing concern.


The neck is a complex anatomical structure composed of vertebrae, muscles, and ligaments, all of which work together to support the head and facilitate various movements. Therefore, having a good understanding of neck anatomy is essential for identifying the root causes of neck pain.


Furthermore, various lifestyle factors, including posture, screen time, and stress levels, play a significant role in neck health. While neck pain can arise from a wide range of causes, spanning from minor muscle strain to more severe medical conditions, it frequently disrupts daily activities and overall quality of life.


Effective treatment begins with an accurate diagnosis, which hinges on a comprehensive understanding of potential triggers and contributing factors. Consequently, raising public awareness about this common yet often underestimated issue is of utmost importance.


The Anatomy of the Neck


The Cervical Vertebrae


The neck consists of seven vertebrae, collectively known as the cervical spine. These vertebrae serve as the structural foundation and protect the spinal cord, which acts as a conduit for neural signals.


Muscles and Ligaments


Muscles and ligaments in the neck play a crucial role in providing support and enabling movement. They operate in a coordinated manner, so when one part is strained or injured, it can impact the entire system.


Importance in Daily Activities


The neck is indispensable in daily activities as it supports the head, allows for various directions of movement, and plays a vital role in maintaining balance. Consequently, preserving its well-being is not merely desirable but essential.


The Influence of Lifestyle on Neck Pain


Sedentary Jobs


Many individuals have jobs that involve extended periods of sitting, often in front of a computer. Consequently, poor posture becomes a prevalent issue, resulting in muscle strain over time.


Smartphones and "Text Neck"


The widespread use of smartphones has led to a phenomenon known as "text neck." Constantly looking down at phone screens strains the neck muscles.


Stress-Related Issues


Stress is another significant contributor to neck discomfort. It can lead to muscle tension, causing discomfort in the neck area. Given Singapore's high-pressure work environment, stress is frequently unavoidable.



6 Common Causes of Neck Pain:


1. Muscle Strain and Tension


Commonly attributed to long working hours and extensive smartphone usage in Singapore.


Causes: Muscle strain and resultant neck pain often result from poor posture or excessive muscle use.


2. Herniated Disc


This condition involves the inner, soft part of a spinal disc protruding through the tougher outer ring.


Causes: Typically associated with ageing or sudden neck strain.


3. Osteoarthritis:


Osteoarthritis entails the deterioration of cartilage and bones in the cervical spine, primarily affecting older individuals.


Causes: Advanced age, joint injuries, bone abnormalities, genetic factors, and excess weight are common factors contributing to osteoarthritis.


4. Cervical Radiculopathy (Pinched Nerve):


A pinched nerve in the neck can lead to radiating pain, along with symptoms like tingling and numbness, often extending into the arms.


Causes: Pinched nerves typically result from conditions such as herniated discs, bone spurs, injuries, or spinal stenosis.


5. Whiplash:


Whiplash is frequently caused by sudden, rapid forward or backward neck movements, commonly occurring in motor vehicle accidents.


Causes: Often associated with traffic-related incidents.


6. Other Medical Conditions:


Neck pain can also be caused by various medical conditions, including tumours, infections, and specific diseases.


Note: If neck pain persists and is accompanied by other concerning symptoms, it is crucial to seek medical advice promptly.


Treatment Options for Neck Pain


1. Physiotherapy


Physiotherapy for neck pain is an effective approach for treating various types of neck pain.

Available Treatments: This includes manual therapy, modalities (such as heat or ultrasound therapy), office ergonomics assessment and recommendation, postural correction and targeted exercises designed to improve neck strength and flexibility.


2. Medication


Over-the-counter medications may be sufficient for milder cases of neck pain.

Common Over-the-counter Options: Ibuprofen and acetaminophen are commonly used pain relievers.


Prescription Medication: In cases of chronic or severe pain, a healthcare professional may prescribe stronger medication to manage symptoms.


3. Surgical Interventions


In severe cases requiring immediate attention, surgical interventions like spinal fusions may be recommended.


Criteria for Surgery: A healthcare provider will assess your condition and determine if surgery is appropriate for your specific case.


4. Alternative Therapies


Non-invasive alternative therapies may be considered for pain relief.


Acupuncture: This traditional technique involves inserting needles at specific points on the body to alleviate pain and promote healing.


Traditional Chinese Medicine: Herbs and topical treatments are often used in this ancient form of medicine.


5. Lifestyle Changes


Making certain lifestyle adjustments can lead to significant improvement in neck pain.


Ergonomics: Properly adjusting your workstation setup can help alleviate neck stress, especially if you have a desk job.


Exercise Tips: Incorporating neck-friendly exercises into your daily routine can help improve posture and reduce discomfort.


It's important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for your specific neck pain condition.


When to Seek Professional Help


If you have persistent neck pain that significantly impacts your quality of life, it is advisable to consult a doctor promptly. Seeking medical guidance is essential when dealing with ongoing neck discomfort. In Singapore, a robust healthcare system offers various options for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment. Remember that knowledge is the first step toward better health, so stay informed and make informed decisions about your well-being.

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